Functional Data Analysis (FDA) google
Functional data analysis is a branch of statistics that analyzes data providing information about curves, surfaces or anything else varying over a continuum. The continuum is often time, but may also be spatial location, wavelength, probability, etc.
http://…/annurev-statistics-010814-020413


Accelerated Distributed Nesterov Gradient Descent (Acc-DNGD) google
This paper considers the distributed optimization problem over a network, where the objective is to optimize a global function formed by a sum of local functions, using only local computation and communication. We develop an Accelerated Distributed Nesterov Gradient Descent (Acc-DNGD) method. When the objective function is convex and $L$-smooth, we show that it achieves a $O(\frac{1}{t^{1.4-\epsilon}})$ convergence rate for all $\epsilon\in(0,1.4)$. We also show the convergence rate can be improved to $O(\frac{1}{t^2})$ if the objective function is a composition of a linear map and a strongly-convex and smooth function. When the objective function is $\mu$-strongly convex and $L$-smooth, we show that it achieves a linear convergence rate of $O([ 1 – O( (\frac{\mu}{L})^{5/7} )]^t)$, where $\frac{L}{\mu}$ is the condition number of the objective. …

Association Mapping google
Association mapping (genetics), also known as “linkage disequilibrium mapping”, is a method of mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that takes advantage of historic linkage disequilibrium to link phenotypes (observable characteristics) to genotypes (the genetic constitution of organisms). …

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