Evolutionary Algorithm (EA) google
In artificial intelligence, an evolutionary algorithm (EA) is a subset of evolutionary computation, a generic population-based metaheuristic optimization algorithm. An EA uses mechanisms inspired by biological evolution, such as reproduction, mutation, recombination, and selection. Candidate solutions to the optimization problem play the role of individuals in a population, and the fitness function determines the quality of the solutions. Evolution of the population then takes place after the repeated application of the above operators. Artificial evolution (AE) describes a process involving individual evolutionary algorithms; EAs are individual components that participate in an AE.


SPAtially Related Convolutional Neural Network (SPARCNN) google
The ability to accurately detect and classify objects at varying pixel sizes in cluttered scenes is crucial to many Navy applications. However, detection performance of existing state-of the-art approaches such as convolutional neural networks (CNNs) degrade and suffer when applied to such cluttered and multi-object detection tasks. We conjecture that spatial relationships between objects in an image could be exploited to significantly improve detection accuracy, an approach that had not yet been considered by any existing techniques (to the best of our knowledge) at the time the research was conducted. We introduce a detection and classification technique called Spatially Related Detection with Convolutional Neural Networks (SPARCNN) that learns and exploits a probabilistic representation of inter-object spatial configurations within images from training sets for more effective region proposals to use with state-of-the-art CNNs. Our empirical evaluation of SPARCNN on the VOC 2007 dataset shows that it increases classification accuracy by 8% when compared to a region proposal technique that does not exploit spatial relations. More importantly, we obtained a higher performance boost of 18.8% when task difficulty in the test set is increased by including highly obscured objects and increased image clutter. …

Rectifier google
In the context of artificial neural networks, the rectifier is an activation function defined as f(x) = max(0, x) where x is the input to a neuron. This activation function has been argued to be more biologically plausible (cortical neurons are rarely in their maximum saturation regime) than the widely used logistic sigmoid (which is inspired by probability theory; see logistic regression) and its more practical counterpart, the hyperbolic tangent. A unit employing the rectifier is also called a rectified linear unit (ReLU). …

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