This paper summarise and analyse the cross-dataset recognition techniques with the emphasize on what kinds of methods can be used when the available source and target data are presented in different forms for boosting the target task. This paper for the first time summarises several transferring criteria in details from the concept level, which are the key bases to guide what kind of knowledge to transfer between datasets. In addition, a taxonomy of cross-dataset scenarios and problems is proposed according the properties of data that define how different datasets are diverged, thereby review the recent advances on each specific problem under different scenarios. Moreover, some real world applications and corresponding commonly used benchmarks of cross-dataset recognition are reviewed. Lastly, several future directions are identified. Cross-Dataset Recognition: A Survey