Concept-cognitive learning (CCL) is a hot topic in recent years, and it has attracted much attention from the communities of formal concept analysis, granular computing and cognitive computing. However, the relationship among cognitive computing (CC), conceptcognitive computing (CCC), and CCL is not clearly described. To this end, we explain the relationship of CC, CCC, and CCL. Then, we propose a generalized CCL from the point of view of machine learning. Finally, experiments on seven data sets are conducted to evaluate concept formation and concept-cognitive processes of the proposed generalized CCL. A generalized concept-cognitive learning: A machine learning viewpoint