Distributional Adversarial Networks google
We propose a framework for adversarial training that relies on a sample rather than a single sample point as the fundamental unit of discrimination. Inspired by discrepancy measures and two-sample tests between probability distributions, we propose two such distributional adversaries that operate and predict on samples, and show how they can be easily implemented on top of existing models. Various experimental results show that generators trained with our distributional adversaries are much more stable and are remarkably less prone to mode collapse than traditional models trained with pointwise prediction discriminators. The application of our framework to domain adaptation also results in considerable improvement over recent state-of-the-art. …

Online Generative Discriminative Restricted Boltzmann Machine (OGD-RBM) google
We propose a novel online learning algorithm for Restricted Boltzmann Machines (RBM), namely, the Online Generative Discriminative Restricted Boltzmann Machine (OGD-RBM), that provides the ability to build and adapt the network architecture of RBM according to the statistics of streaming data. The OGD-RBM is trained in two phases: (1) an online generative phase for unsupervised feature representation at the hidden layer and (2) a discriminative phase for classification. The online generative training begins with zero neurons in the hidden layer, adds and updates the neurons to adapt to statistics of streaming data in a single pass unsupervised manner, resulting in a feature representation best suited to the data. The discriminative phase is based on stochastic gradient descent and associates the represented features to the class labels. We demonstrate the OGD-RBM on a set of multi-category and binary classification problems for data sets having varying degrees of class-imbalance. We first apply the OGD-RBM algorithm on the multi-class MNIST dataset to characterize the network evolution. We demonstrate that the online generative phase converges to a stable, concise network architecture, wherein individual neurons are inherently discriminative to the class labels despite unsupervised training. We then benchmark OGD-RBM performance to other machine learning, neural network and ClassRBM techniques for credit scoring applications using 3 public non-stationary two-class credit datasets with varying degrees of class-imbalance. We report that OGD-RBM improves accuracy by 2.5-3% over batch learning techniques while requiring at least 24%-70% fewer neurons and fewer training samples. This online generative training approach can be extended greedily to multiple layers for training Deep Belief Networks in non-stationary data mining applications without the need for a priori fixed architectures. …

Nonlinear Variable Selection based on Derivatives (NVSD) google
We investigate structured sparsity methods for variable selection in regression problems where the target depends nonlinearly on the inputs. We focus on general nonlinear functions not limiting a priori the function space to additive models. We propose two new regularizers based on partial derivatives as nonlinear equivalents of group lasso and elastic net. We formulate the problem within the framework of learning in reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces and show how the variational problem can be reformulated into a more practical finite dimensional equivalent. We develop a new algorithm derived from the ADMM principles that relies solely on closed forms of the proximal operators. We explore the empirical properties of our new algorithm for Nonlinear Variable Selection based on Derivatives (NVSD) on a set of experiments and confirm favourable properties of our structured-sparsity models and the algorithm in terms of both prediction and variable selection accuracy. …

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