Siamese Capsule Network google
Capsule Networks have shown encouraging results on \textit{defacto} benchmark computer vision datasets such as MNIST, CIFAR and smallNORB. Although, they are yet to be tested on tasks where (1) the entities detected inherently have more complex internal representations and (2) there are very few instances per class to learn from and (3) where point-wise classification is not suitable. Hence, this paper carries out experiments on face verification in both controlled and uncontrolled settings that together address these points. In doing so we introduce \textit{Siamese Capsule Networks}, a new variant that can be used for pairwise learning tasks. The model is trained using contrastive loss with $\ell_2$-normalized capsule encoded pose features. We find that \textit{Siamese Capsule Networks} perform well against strong baselines on both pairwise learning datasets, yielding best results in the few-shot learning setting where image pairs in the test set contain unseen subjects. …

Hidden Tree Markov Network (HTN) google
The paper introduces the Hidden Tree Markov Network (HTN), a neuro-probabilistic hybrid fusing the representation power of generative models for trees with the incremental and discriminative learning capabilities of neural networks. We put forward a modular architecture in which multiple generative models of limited complexity are trained to learn structural feature detectors whose outputs are then combined and integrated by neural layers at a later stage. In this respect, the model is both deep, thanks to the unfolding of the generative models on the input structures, as well as wide, given the potentially large number of generative modules that can be trained in parallel. Experimental results show that the proposed approach can outperform state-of-the-art syntactic kernels as well as generative kernels built on the same probabilistic model as the HTN. …

Minimum Correlation Regularization google
In social networks, heterogeneous multimedia data correlate to each other, such as videos and their corresponding tags in YouTube and image-text pairs in Facebook. Nearest neighbor retrieval across multiple modalities on large data sets becomes a hot yet challenging problem. Hashing is expected to be an efficient solution, since it represents data as binary codes. As the bit-wise XOR operations can be fast handled, the retrieval time is greatly reduced. Few existing multimodal hashing methods consider the correlation among hashing bits. The correlation has negative impact on hashing codes. When the hashing code length becomes longer, the retrieval performance improvement becomes slower. In this paper, we propose a minimum correlation regularization (MCR) for multimodal hashing. First, the sigmoid function is used to embed the data matrices. Then, the MCR is applied on the output of sigmoid function. As the output of sigmoid function approximates a binary code matrix, the proposed MCR can efficiently decorrelate the hashing codes. Experiments show the superiority of the proposed method becomes greater as the code length increases. …

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