**Document-Context Language Model (DCLM)**

Text documents are structured on multiple levels of detail: individual words are related by syntax, and larger units of text are related by discourse structure. Existing language models generally fail to account for discourse structure, but it is crucial if we are to have language models that reward coherence and generate coherent texts. We present and empirically evaluate a set of multi-level recurrent neural network language models, called Document-Context Language Models (DCLMs), which incorporate contextual information both within and beyond the sentence. In comparison with word-level recurrent neural network language models, the DCLMs obtain slightly better predictive likelihoods, and considerably better assessments of document coherence. … **Multivariate Count Autoregression**

We are studying the problems of modeling and inference for multivariate count time series data with Poisson marginals. The focus is on linear and log-linear models. For studying the properties of such processes we develop a novel conceptual framework which is based on copulas. However, our approach does not impose the copula on a vector of counts; instead the joint distribution is determined by imposing a copula function on a vector of associated continuous random variables. This specific construction avoids conceptual difficulties resulting from the joint distribution of discrete random variables yet it keeps the properties of the Poisson process marginally. We employ Markov chain theory and the notion of weak dependence to study ergodicity and stationarity of the models we consider. We obtain easily verifiable conditions for both linear and log-linear models under both theoretical frameworks. Suitable estimating equations are suggested for estimating unknown model parameters. The large sample properties of the resulting estimators are studied in detail. The work concludes with some simulations and a real data example. … **ADversarial Meta-Learner (ADML)**

Meta-learning enables a model to learn from very limited data to undertake a new task. In this paper, we study the general meta-learning with adversarial samples. We present a meta-learning algorithm, ADML (ADversarial Meta-Learner), which leverages clean and adversarial samples to optimize the initialization of a learning model in an adversarial manner. ADML leads to the following desirable properties: 1) it turns out to be very effective even in the cases with only clean samples; 2) it is model-agnostic, i.e., it is compatible with any learning model that can be trained with gradient descent; and most importantly, 3) it is robust to adversarial samples, i.e., unlike other meta-learning methods, it only leads to a minor performance degradation when there are adversarial samples. We show via extensive experiments that ADML delivers the state-of-the-art performance on two widely-used image datasets, MiniImageNet and CIFAR100, in terms of both accuracy and robustness. …

# If you did not already know

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Sep 2018

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