“Sciences are primarily defined by their questions rather than by their tools. We define astrophysics as the discipline that learns the composition of the stars, not as the discipline that uses the spectroscope. Similarly, data science is the discipline that describes, predicts, and makes causal inferences, not the discipline that uses machine learning algorithms.” Miguel A. Hernán, John Hsu, Brian Healy ( July 12, 2018 )

Advertisements